Hobbies For Thrill Seekers

There are people who like to get an adrenaline rush. For such adventure seekers, there are various exciting hobbies. If your interest is the same, then there are lots of thing which you can do for risk and thrilling fun. Some of those requires special learning, some are costly, and some can be shared with your friend which makes it even more exciting. If you are thrill loving person then a hobby which connects you to the water may be best such as whitewater rafting. There are some people who have a restless desire for scuba diving. If you fall in the same category, then do not forget to pack your backpack with all the life safety equipment. The basic items needed here are survival breathing systems and emergency breathing systems.

You will find many people who stick with their safe sided hobbies like reading, writing, golfing or staying at home and watching a movie. Well, there are some people who think outside the box and they always look to have some thrill in every moment of their life.

Bungee Jumping:

There are some out of the water thrills too like bungee jumping and sky diving. Such hobbies are not to be performed by a weak-hearted person as it best suits to a fearless man. Bungee jumpers do not care of the fear they are going to receive in the middle, as they already are very much strong from inside. The best part is when you are standing up and instantly you reach at the middle point of your jump.

The first jump is the difficult one, but once you are indulges in this hobby, you will not find any difficulty to jump again and again. There are some training techniques which help you build your inner courage. Just connect with an experienced bungee jumper and start learning the basics first.

Air diving:

Sky diving can be very exciting too. It gives you all the pleasure which a bird have on its flight. You will be able to receive some natural winds and the best part is when you are in the middle of your dive. This type of activity is mostly performed by the army people. It is their common daily life hobby. You can learn a lot from them if you have any relative or friend in the army. Through them you can connect with experienced divers who will train you on the basics of air diving.

Hiking:

Apart from bungee jumping and air diving you can also go for hiking. If you are in love with climbing then this can be the perfect hobby for your ecstasy. For hiking you have to learn the basics first and a nice advice is to complete your safety equipments first. It is a very dangerous and risky passion, but when there is passion there is no cost to get involved. For starting off your hiking, get connected with an experienced climber who can teach the insights of the climbing section. With due time, you will also be able to climb up the sky touching mountains.

Source by Stewart Wrighter

Proper Care and Storage of Your Camping Equipment

After you have invested in the right camping tent, sleeping bags, and the other gear you and your family need for an enjoyable and relaxing camping vacation, it is important to properly care for your camping equipment so that it gives you plenty of years of use .

You should take the time to clean and inspect all of your camping gear after each trip before putting it away for your next adventure, but it is especially important to pack things away the right way at the end of the camping season to avoid damaged, useless equipment next camping season.

Caring for Your Camping Tent

Roll out your tent, wash down the inside and out with a mild soap and inspect the seams and fabric for weaknesses and tears. Use the Coleman Seam Seal & Outdoor Repair kit to reinforce any troublesome areas. Allow your tent to air dry completely before packing it again. Gather all the stakes and replace any that have been lost or damaged through the season. Pack the stakes in their own bag to prevent the sharp edges from tearing your tent and place the stake bag inside your tent bag. Store your tent in a dry place that is not prone to insects or rodents.

Cleaning and Storing Camping Stoves, Grills, and Lanterns

Thoroughly clean your camping stoves, grills, and lanterns before putting them away for the season. Use warm water and a mild dish soap. Disassemble the items as needed to clean away all grease and food debris in your stove or insects and other debris that may be trapped in your camping lantern. If necessary, you can clean the inside of your stove with a high pressure hose like those found at carwashes.

Dry your camping gear completely. Turn the stove upside down if you have rinsed it with a hose to empty out any water inside. Replace bulbs, mantles, seals, and other parts that are damaged or worn and empty liquid fuel tanks to prevent buildup while the equipment is not in use. If your camping gear does not have a protective case for storage, place it inside a plastic bag and seal it tightly to keep spiders and other insects out.

Proper Care of Sleeping Bags

Most sleeping bags are machine washable and can be tumble dried on low. Wash your sleeping bag in warm water with a mild detergent in a commercial washer with a drum, using the gentle cycle. Rinse cold and add a liquid fabric softener. You can also hand wash your sleeping bag in the bath tub using a mild detergent. Tumble dry the sleeping bag on low or let it air dry. Make sure the sleeping bag is completely dry before rolling it up. Avoid storing your sleeping bag in a stuff sack or other constrictive pack for long periods. Roll it and store it in a dry place away from mice and insects, like your tent.

Cleaning Your Cooler

Coleman coolers are popular because they are so easy to care for. Before putting away your cooler until next camping season, give it a good cleaning with soap and warm water. Wash the inside and outside of the cooler, using baking soda to remove stains. To get rid of odors, wash the cooler using a mixture of bleach and water. You can also wipe the inside of the cooler with vanilla or peppermint extract, leaving saturated cotton balls inside the cooler overnight. Before storing your cooler, let it air dry completely with the lid off. Remember to wash drains and faucets thoroughly as well.

Source by Nicole Munoz

History Of Backpacking

Backpacking today is a lot easier and more fun then it was in the when it started. People are able to backpack with all the things they love from their homes, such as computers, phones and even watch TV on their trips. Due to all the latest technology like solar panels to charge all their equipment. Back then it was a different story. A lot of people backpacked for necessity either because of disease, starvation, wild animal attacks or robbers to name a few. It was not till the 17th century people traveled for educational or entertainment purposes.

Wealthy European men were sent on a "grand tour" one last hurrah before they settled into marriage and careers. Just like the pre-college trips the teenagers in Europe take these days. Giovanni Careri was the first pioneer to travel the globe for fun. He did this travel in 80 days and wrote the accompanying book "Around the World in Eighty Days'. He was able to do this by smuggling valuables from country to country. The earliest backpackers were the ancient hunters-gatherers. Where they followed animals and ate the wild fruits. These nomadic tribes were the Aborigine Australians, South African Bushmen. Pygmy Tribes of the Congo and the Native Americans.

In 1492 Christopher Columbus ventured to America and David Livingstone explored Africa in 1841 are just two of the many explorers who paved the way for backpackers. In 1920 Lloyd F. Nelson invented the camping backpack by adding a pack board to make the pack more comfortable. Before that the backpack was just a loose sack with shoulder straps. In 1965 President Lyndon Johns proposed the National Scenic Trail Act which encouraged individuals to discover the outdoors and appreciate nature more. This provided hikers with well-defined trails to follow. Greg Lowe designed the internal fame backpack which distributes pack weight across the hips. And the backpacking gear got better from wooden frame to aluminum tubing, heavy canvas to waterproof nylon, steel cookware to titanium, wool clothing to quick dry synthetics and petroleum / wood for stoves to alcohol / butane.

In 1910 backpack is coined. In the 1940's post World War 2 more people had time to travel so the travel trailer and camping grew in popularity. Because of the military design backpacking gear goes lighter with aluminum-alloy frames. Then the lighter frames become popular with outdoor enthusiasts. Then 1970's lighter weight nylon backpacks are everywhere. In 1990 the program Leave No Trace Behind is developed. In 2000 all the best innovations in shelter, sleeping bags, cookware get lighter and easier to carry.

The best is yet to come as the principles of the program Leave No Trace Behind become important for our eco-conscious society and so backpacking will grow more and more. Leave nature as you found it do not disrupt it and our beautiful wild life will continue to flourish.

Source by Monica Yates

3 Ways to Make a Road Bike Faster

People who ride road bikes fall into two real categories, those of us who like to ride as fast as possible as often as possible and those of us who like to ride for as long as possible as often as possible. The one common factor that these two groups have in common is that all cyclists like their bike to be as light as possible. If you are wanting to ride fast having a light bike makes the job that much easier and if you want to ride distances then having a bike that is as light as possible also makes the task easier. Grams matter where bikes are concerned, because of this the whole bike industry is geared towards making frames and components as light as possible. So what can you do to make sure that your bike is as light as you can get it.

Firstly i would suggest weighing your bike to see how heavy it is. Cyclists do get hung up on the weight of their bike without knowing what it actually weighs, you never know your bike might be as light as you are ever going to get it, in which case you will just have to start training harder!

The frame of the bike is generally going to be the heaviest part of the bike. If you are riding a steel frame you might want to consider changing to either a lighter aluminium frame or even an ultra light and ultra stiff state of the art carbon fibre frame. Either of these should save you quite a bit of weight but neither come in very cheap.

The next heaviest part of the bike to look at is your wheels. Again many older and cheaper sets of wheels were made of steel but nearly all wheels sold nowadays are either aluminium or carbon fibre. Although these are both much lighter materials the strength of theses wheels is comparable to older steel ones as manufacturing process have evolved so much over the last few years.

Whilst you are looking at your wheels you should look to change your tyres to a lighter alternative. In some cases when you reduce the weight of the tyres you ride you also compromise the puncture resistance hat the tyres offer you. This is not always the case though. The Maxxis Advantage tyre is such a tyre that offers really good puncture resistance through its different layers that go to make up the tyre whilst still staying on the lighter side. The Maxxis Advantage also offers very low rolling resistance which also helps to improve the ride quality.

Many of the smaller components on your road bike are also now available in aluminium alternatives instead of the old fashioned steel parts which used to be fitted to bikes as standard. The seat pin, the handlebars and the pedals are all areas where you can shave off considerable weight from your bike if you wish to.

And finally you might want to consider upgrading your groupset on your bike to a modern aluminium and carbon combined set. Not only will you save yourself quite a lot of weight from your bike you should also gain added reliability from your machine as parts on old steel groupsets do tend to wear out over time.

So there you have it, the lowdown on how to make your road bike lighter which should help you ride faster for longer.

Source by Harwood E Woodpecker

Elk Population Facts and Statistics For the United States

The elk population in the United States today is well over 1,000,000 animals, with the population growing fairly steadily since a population count was made in 1975, at which time the estimated population was just over 500,000. Even though a population count taken every five years seems to suggest a constant increase in numbers, the elk population is, like most things in nature, somewhat cyclical.

For a herd to either grow in numbers, or sustain an existing number of animals, supporting habitat needs to be there. Most of the habitat suitable for elk is found in the Rocky Mountain region, so it is little wonder that the Rocky Mountain states generally have the largest populations. Of course there are those factors which can cause the elk population to decrease at times. One is loss of habitat. Loss of habitat is very often caused by human development of the land, but in the case of the elk, forest fires play a major role.

When forest land has burned and lies barren for a short time, knapweed often takes over. This noxious weed is difficult to eradicate, and crowds out the types of vegetation that would normally support a herd of elk. Severe winters often take a toll on herds, as do predators, primarily wolves. The reintroduction of wolves into certain regions has been accompanied by a reduction in the elk population in those regions. The combination of a severe winter, and a presence of predators, presents the elk with a double whammy. Hunting is another factor contributing to population loss. The good news is that the elk are a long ways from being an endangered species, quite the opposite in fact.

There are four species of elk in the United States, the Rocky Mountain elk, the Roosevelt Elk, the Tule Elk, and the Manitoba Elk. 90% of the elk are of the Rocky Mountain species. The Roosevelt elk accounts for most of the remaining 10% of the elk population. The number of Tule elk, found in California, numbers under 4,000 animals, and the Manitoba species, found in a couple of the eastern states, numbers under 1,000.

Colorado is the state with the largest elk population (290,000), followed by Montana (160,000), Idaho (110,000) and Wyoming (106,000). New Mexico, Oregon, Utah and Washington have smaller, yet sizable populations. These numbers are for Rocky Mountain elk. The bulk of the Roosevelt elk population is in Oregon (63,000) and Washington (36,000). A portion of Washington's population resides in Olympic National Park, where the species was introduced in the early 1900's.

The Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation is the organization to go to for all kinds of information about elk, including elk population. The Foundation sponsors a number of activities directed towards protecting and preserving elk habitat, often working with other outdoors organizations, such as the Back Country Horsemen. The RMEF has a number of chapters across the United States.

Source by Sara Le

How to Build a Cobblestone House

He huffed and he puffed and he blew the house down – certainly not if the house was built with cobblestones. Building cobblestone houses was a folk art that flourished in upstate New York from 1825 until the Civil War in 1860. Many of the 700+ cobblestone homes that were built survive today, a testament to their fine craftsmanship.

To build your cobblestone house you'll need 5 main components: cobblestones, soft lime mortar, wood for windows and doors, cut stone blocks for quoins, lintels and sills, and lots of cheap labor. Lets take them one at a time – assuming the cheap labor is you, your family, friends, relatives and anyone else you can convince to do manual labor for $ 1.00 to $ 1.50 per day.

The first step is to gather the cobblestones. This may take several years. Cobblestones are small fist-sized stones deposited by the glaciers that swept from the north millennia ago. Rough-shaped ones can be gathered from the farm fields or rounded, lake-washed ones can be gathered along the shore of Lake Ontario. You'll need over 14,000 cobblestones, so get cracking. As the manly work of stone gathering progresses, the women and children can be kept busy sorting the stones by size and color. You'll want to use the finest, smoothest, similar-sized stones on the front of your house, and save the rougher, odd-sized ones for the back, sides and interior of the walls.

While this is progressing, you better start preparing the soft lime mortar. Do not skimp and use Portland cement. It dries too fast and will pop the cobbles out as it dries. Soft lime mortar is made of lime, sand and water. Find limestone (calcium carbonate) or dolomite (magnesium carbonate) and break it into pieces. Burn it within heaps of logs for 2 to 3 days to create quicklime. Add water to the quicklime to create a hydrated lime sludge.

Mix in 5 to 9 bushels of sand to 1 bushel of lime sludge. Age the mortar in a ground pit covered by sand or cow manure for up to a year.
Fell a bunch of trees. They'll need to be hand-hewn to build the doors and windows – each custom fitted to a specific opening. Also, find a quarry where you can get limestone or sandstone blocks for the corners of your building (quoins) and as structural support over the doors and windows (lintels) and under the windows (sils).

Now the fun begins. Start by laying the stones in walls 18 to 20-inches-thick. Build the wall with rubble stone, faced by cobbles. Use elongated or triangular shaped stones to tie the cobbles to the rubble wall. Use the soft lime mortar as your glue, getting fancy with straight ridges between the horizontal and vertical rows of cobbles. Build about 3 rows (or courses) per day so the mortar has time to slowly begin setting. It will take 35 years for the mortar to fully harden. Lay in the cut-stone blocks at the corners to create quoins. To finish the inside, apply horsehair plaster to the stone.

Once the walls are above reach, you'll have to build scaffolding by burying poles in the ground 6 to 8 feet from the wall and tying cross members from the wall to the poles with hickory witches. Then lay planks on the cross members to provide a building platform. As the walls rise, you'll have to repeatedly raise the height of the scaffolding. Attach a crane and tackles to the highest pole to winch up buckets of cobblestones and mortar.
Hand build your windows and doors to fit each opening and hand-hew trusses for your roof. Winter is a good time to do much of your carpentry work. Depending on how many workers you have and their skill level, you may finish in a year. More likely, the building process will take about 3 years.

When you're done, you'll have a fine home that will stand for centuries. Go see for yourself. New guidebook Called A "Cobblestone Quest – Road Tours of New York's Historic Buildings" (Footprint Press is , Http://www.footprintpress.com , 1-800-431-1579) offers 17 self-guided car or bicycle tours for viewing the diversity of cobblestone buildings clustered within a 65-mile radius of Rochester, NY, and no where else in the world.

"Cobblestone Quest – Road Tours of New York's Historic Buildings"
By Rich & Sue Freeman

17 self-guided car or bicycle tours for learning the history and observing the diversity of unique cobblestone buildings in Western New York State.
http://www.footprintpress.com/Cobblestone/CobblestonePreview.htm
208 pages, 20 maps, 85 photos, indexed, paperback, 10 X 7 inches
Price: $ 19.95, ISBN # 1930480199
Press is Footprint, Inc., Http://www.footprintpress.com

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Available people like photos – email [email protected] or call 585-421-9383.

Source by Sue Freeman

Bike Review – KHS Flagstaff 29 "Full Suspension

Big wheels roll over stuff better. Full suspension helps in the rough stuff. So how does it work when you put them together? The KHS Flagstaff is a 29 "wheeled full suspension bike for trail riding and endurance racing. KHS is known for having great valued bikes and they tend to get into new trends pretty quickly. The 29" wheeled mountain bikes are one of those trends they have gotten into and have done a good job. It started with a hard tail and then they added the Flagstaff.

With 3.5 "of rear wheel travel, the Flagstaff is aimed at cross country riding but is burly enough for rougher trails. The stock build is a middle of the road mix of parts that are more aimed durability than light weight. If you want to make changes, especially to the wheels you can get it down into the 25 lb range but the bike comes stock around 30 lbs.

The frame is aluminum with a horst-link pivot with a rocker arm activated rear shock. This makes for a good pedaling design that when set-up correctly will put the power to the ground, without pedal induced bob. Because the 29 "wheels tend to smooth out small bumps, you can set the suspension a little firmer for a faster machine without giving up any comfort. All the pivots have medium to large sealed cartridge bearings, increasing lateral stiffness and improving pivot durability. This adds a bit of weight but is worth it as the rear end of the frame will not flex excessively leading to ghost shifting and chain line issues. The Rockshox Reba fork and Monarch rear shock are a good match to the suspension design. Both are tune -able for various riding conditions. The Reba is my favorite 29 "fork. It's easy to tune and they are super low maintenance. The weight of the fork is reasonable and the stiffness is good for most riders.

The geometry is balanced making for a quick handling bike that is not twitchy. 29 "are known for the stability that comes from bigger wheels and longer wheel base. The Flagstaff in confidence inspiring on technical terrain and steep downhills but is still an able climber. The biggest drawback ride wise is that it is not a quick accelerating bike but part of that is the heavy stock wheels. A light set of race wheels and tires will go a long way towards improving that flaw. As it is the bike takes a little more effort to get up to speed but takes less effort to keep it there, especially on rooty terrain or loose uphills.

The complete bike is a good value the way it comes stock, with SRAM drivetrain, Hayes Stroker Ryde disc brakes and Truvativ finishing kit. With some upgrades this can go from a good trail bike to a fast endurance racing machine.

Source by Winston Endall

Pros And Cons To Incline Trainers And Incline Treadmills

Incline trainers (also referred to as incline treadmills) are a relatively new exercise equipment innovation combining the treadmill with the stepper. It's a treadmill in function but a stepper in workout type. Essentially it's a treadmill that offers a very steep incline for intense "hill climbing" simulated workouts.

Some incline treadmills incline to 40%. Some incline trainers also offer a decline option to simulate walking or running downhill.

What's so great about an incline trainer ?

If you've ever worked out on a step or stair climbing machine, you'll appreciate the intensity and effort required to do a "climbing style" workout. That's what incline treadmills offer – but also offering the features and benefits of a regular treadmill. Yes, you can set them to lower inclines to function just as a regular treadmill.

Pros

  • Burn more calories. The steeper the incline, the more calories you'll burn.
  • If you are not into running, but want an intense workout, incline treadmills will deliver.
  • Low impact workout option. Get an intense workout while walking which is much, much lower impact than running or jogging.
  • Replicate downhill walking and running. Real life running includes running downhill which uses different muscles than running on flat or uphill terrain. Some incline treadmills offer downhill gradients.
  • If you get an incline trainer with iFit technology, you can run or walk terrain simulated from all over the world. Imagine the tremendous training opportunities. You can train for a specific race in your home. If you're running the Seattle marathon, which has hills, then program the Seattle marathon route in your iFit Live powered by Google maps and you can run the Seattle marathon terrain in your home.
  • Best of both worlds – an incline trainer is really just a treadmill that offers a very steep incline. You can still run on these machines.

Cons

  • Shorter walking deck. No incline treadmill that I've found offers a 60 "long deck. That said, you can still comfortably run on 50" to 55 "decks (a common running deck length).
  • If you set it at a very high incline (steeper than 15 – 20%) you'll likely need to hang onto the handles. I find holding onto handles while working out reduces effort. Holding on is an assist which I like to avoid. I'd rather set the incline to a lower grade and not need to hold onto handles. When I work out on steppers I set the workout to a lower speed so I can do the workout without hanging onto handles. That said, do not compromise your safety by not holding onto the handles.

Source by Steven J. Bancroft

Modern Gamebooks Rock: RED DOG

Well, it started with The Warlock of Firetop Mountain and ended with the games console but is anybody else still hankering for that long dispelled thrill of the choose your adventure / fighting fantasy style gamebook?

Well, with the advancement of mobile phone apps, they are making a big comeback and a new generation are enjoying the retro thrills of an adventure where there are the star of the show.

But that's not what I want to talk about here. Yes, they were fun at the time, but they have had their day. Have not they?

Apparently not as there is a new explosion of writers out there who have re opened pandora's box with the belief that despite new polygon pushing processors on our HD screens, there is yet to be a console with wiring as complex and capable of imagining palpable science fiction as our very own brains. Well, most of our brains.

I trawled the internet for a high scoring gamebook I could get my hands on (yes, my actual hands, not at the other end of a gamepad) and I found a wealth of choice. The best of which was from Sandboxer Books who are new to the game and boy oh boy was I happy I picked it up! The original Fighting Fantasy Books were an open pit in which I poured hours of my childhood, each spanning 400 'chapters' but this one is 530 long passages. It is huge. I got a lot of enjoyment out of it. I spent a lot of time with it. Now I need more.

It is called RED DOG and is by author Chris Young, apparently his first forage into this genre (at least that I could find.) Now, this is a 'choose your adventure' with a difference. Ever snuck back under the cover of darkness to your childhood and had another bite of the Fighting Fantasy cherry? Well this adventure is written better, is longer and free roaming. You heard it here folks. You are not forced down the garden path this time on a linear adventure. You can go where you like. It really is like having another world in your pocket. That is if you have clowns pockets because if you want a copy you had better have a tall bookcase. Its 9 by 6 inches!

Here's the specs: –

'' This is not the Earth you remember. Dragged from the present and into this dark and dangerous future, you have total freedom to uncover the hidden secrets of Earth, space station 'Eden' and the mysterious Blackbird Facility. Uncover a determined threat to the freedom of mankind and take your part in the revolution. The future is in your hands. RED DOG: A complete Fantasy Role Playing Game. Free Roaming * A Huge 530 passages of Text * An Expansive Universe Set Over Three Worlds * Detailed Illustrations, Maps and Plans * No Dice – Rely On Your Wits and Courage * Search Every Corner of the RED DOG Universe * Deeper Interactions – Talk to Anyone You Meet * Get an Advantage and Upgrade With Bio Implant Technology * A New Generation of RPG For A New Generation of Gamers. ''

Give it a blast and help me put pressure on these guys to write another! Here is my review on Amazon:

I bought this because I used to be into the Fighting Fantasy 'Choose your adventure' books and thought I'd try it out. The mecha on the front is cool. The book completely blew me away. I really was not expecting to get so drawn into it, it's a really deep sort of experience and I like the way you start off with no memory of how you got there and it all gets explained on the way.

Compared to the books I read as a kid, it's much more challenging and a hell of a lot bigger too. Its a big book. The pictures are great though I would have liked to see more of them and the gameplay is quite different from the FF books but I think it's for adults.

There are no dice. I never used dice anyway so I did not miss that. It uses a kind of code system so you will need a pencil to write them down. For example, at one point I got a 'Stealth' chip implanted in my brain so I could use it anywhere and basically disappear. The way you can go back to places you already visited and use it is cool. You add the code to the page to use 'Stealth' which means you are not limited in how or where you use it. This gives you plenty of freedom and means that you can do what you want.

There much more freedom rather than being linear. I just wandered around, searching for stuff. There are books hidden all over the place which are all one story and it's fun to find them and read them. It's all connected and makes it rewarding to look around. And another thing I liked was that I did not get killed off for something that was not my fault. The mecha is cool. You have to learn how to control it which is a great idea but I do not want to spoil it so I'll just say give it a go.

Overall, I highly recommend it. Definitely a big leap from the old school books. I wanted to get another one but this is the only one I could find by these guys, hopefully they'll release another one I'd definitely play it. ''

So there you have it guys. I'll be emailing Sandboxer if I can find them and petitioning a second book. Read this and you'll be doing the same!

Keep on keeping on folks

James

Source by James A Holmes

3 Ways to Create More Suspense in Your Writing

Suspense is defined as an excitement that one feels while waiting to find out what has happened and what will happen next. The element of suspense arouses the curiosity of readers and keeps them engrossed in the story. Human beings by nature are eager to discover the hidden secrets of the unknown phenomenon existing around them. Suspense, thrill, mystery and adventure tempt the readers and maintain their interest in the novel or drama they read till end.

Suspense actually includes those factors that are the components of a melodrama. Thus it has its links with horror, mystery, terror and fear as well. All these elements go side by side in any piece of writing that can be termed as a melodrama.

Different writers use different tools to create suspense in their writings. It mostly depends on their imagination and how they express their thoughts as means of communication to their readers. In other words each writer has his own style of creating suspense depending upon the plot in his novel.

The first element of suspense in a story is created by introducing a mysterious plot that makes events complicated for the main characters. The story starts with excited events like murder, kidnapping, robbery, accident etc. They are trapped in a series of unexpected events that arouse a lot of question in the minds of the readers and to find answers to these questions they prefer reading the story in one sitting. The author gives a lot of twists and turns to the events developing the plot. Each time the readers are startled by the sudden and unexpected change of events and this prompts them to follow the author's trail of creating suspense. They are eager to know that how the problems would resolve and the different characters will reach their destination. In the story "Heat Lightning," by Robert.F. Carro, suspense is created in the same manner as the girl running away from the killer identified him only in the end. The readers anxiously read the story to find out who is the killer.

The second element is that of specifying the time factor. Most of the suspense stories are set in a specific time span expending to a night, fortnight, a period of vacation etc. It sets a limited time for the characters to attain their goals before it's too late. This is a vital tool used by the writers to create suspense. It is the same technique used to take the readers to the heights of thrill and adventure. It creates climax of the story.

The third element is the setting of the story. Create a dangerous environment that brings tension and worries for the main characters. They must be entangled by danger and fear of the enemy mostly a villain. Let them be isolated from others. There must be some dreadful encounter with the enemy. This arouses questions like, "what should the hero do to come out of a terrible situation?"

This is how we can develop even a simple plot into a unique one that indulges the readers in the story and maintains their interest.

Source by Naheed Haq