When it comes to wildlife sightseeing and bird watching, India is indeed a treasure trove. The country is home to a large variety of beautiful indigenous and migratory birds and this is the reason why a large number of ornithologists and wildlife enthusiasts throng at various destinations in India. Approximately there are 1250 different species of birds living here in diverse topographies and climatic conditions. In this article, I have listed five prominent bird sanctuaries of India that are home to numerous colorful and beautiful birds.
Kumarakom Wildlife Sanctuary
Sprawled amidst an area of 14 acres around the Vembanad Lake, Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary is an absolute haven of avifaunal species. This beautiful sanctuary is located on the banks of the Vembanad Lake, in the Kottayam district of Kerala. The best way to do bird watching in this sanctuary is through a ride on-board Kerala houseboat (Kettuvalams). This way you can watch birds in their daily routine without jolting them with the sounds of motorboat. Some famous birds found in this park include Siberian Stork, Wood Beetle, Flycatcher, Egret, Cuckoo and Kingfisher.
Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary
Located on the western tip of the Chorao Island alongside the Mandovi river, Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary is home to several varieties of indigenous and migratory birds. The sanctuary draws its name from a well known Ornithologist, Dr. Salim Ali, and is one of the best in India. Some famous species of birds that are found in this sanctuary include Beautiful peafowl, parrots, pelican, flying sparrows and Indian giant squirrel.
Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary
Situated on the Kanpur-Lucknow road in the state of Uttar Pradesh, Nawabganj is home to around 250 species of birds, most of which have migrated from USSR countries. With an area over 3 square kilometers of space, Nawabganj was declared as a protected area by the Indian government in 1984. Housed within this national park is a Bird Interpretation Center where experts give information about different species of birds and their behavioral pattern. It is a good place for nature lovers and the photography enthusiasts.
Ranganthittu Bird Sanctuary
On the banks Located of the Kaveri river, Ranganthittu Bird Sanctuary is Sprawled over an area Hotels Clubbed with six Islets and Abounds with an array of rare avian species. The well known Ornithologist Dr. Salim Ali immensely contributed in making Ranganthittu an authorized reserve in 1940. The best way to explore this sanctuary is through a boat ride along the Kaveri river. Some migratory birds found here include Open Bill Storks, Spoonbills, Darters, Egret, Heron, Stone Plougher, Little Cormorants and several exotic bird species that migrate to this place in winters from Australia, Siberia and North America.
Keoladeo Ghana National Park
Also known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, Keoladeo Ghana National Park, located in Bharatpur, Rajasthan, is one of the best bird sanctuaries in India. Along with forts, palaces, havelis and the Great Thar Desert, the exotic bird species of Rajasthan is one of the popular attractions in the state of Rajasthan. This national park was the former hunting ground of the maharaja of Bharatpur and it was Keoladeo Ghana after the famous Keoladeo temple situated within its premises. Some indigenous water birds and migratory birds such as Grey Hornbill, Painted Stork, White Spoonbill and the Siberian Crane. The sanctuary is also declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
All the aforementioned bird sanctuaries are quite popular with local as well as international bird lovers. Apart from indigenous avifaunal species, these sanctuaries play host to several migrant birds every year during winters.