Franklin D. Roosevelt State Park – A Day Trip For the Whole Family

Nestled 40 miles north of the city, FDR State Park spans approximately 2 square miles. Despite its medium size, this park is just large enough for full day of activities. Whether it is a game of Disc golf or hiking / biking / running the trails, there seems to be something for everyone in the family to do. (Note: Some of the most peaceful locations in the park are nestled deep in the walking trails away from the picnic areas.)

Summer Activities

During the warmer months, the park is full of travelers from lower New York, New York City in particular. At times the park may feel crowded, but there always seems to be plenty of room for everyone. Visiting during the off months and weekdays may be your best bet to fully appreciate the tranquility of the park.

Fall Activities

The park is also very popular in the fall due to the various activities held there. Every year, in early October, the Support Connection Breast and Ovarian Cancer Walk is held and attended by people of all ages, sometimes including actress Glen Close. Usually within a week of the Support Connection Walk, the Guiding Eyes for the Blind Walk is also held at FDR to raise money to train guide dogs. One other big event held in the fall is the Native American Festival (PowWow), which includes various activities to spread knowledge of Native American culture.

Winter Activities

While the park may not be the most exciting place to go in the winter, there are still some things to do. If the lake is frozen enough, it is the perfect place to go ice skating and ice fishing. (Note: Skate and fish at your own risk.) Also, the trails are ideal for cross-country skiing and the hills are great for sledding.


Franklin D. Roosevelt State Park's swimming facilities are vast to say the least. The pool is open from 10 am-5:30pm on weekdays and from 10 am-6:30pm on weekends and the cost is $ 2 per person. The swimming section of the pool is divided into 8 sections, each one watched by a lifeguard ensuring the safety of the patrons. (Note: Most of the time only 4 sections are open unless the number of patrons requires more to be opened.)

The depth of the pool ranges from 1 foot to 5 & 1/2 feet (excluding the diving section). There is also a lap lane open from until noon. Additionally, there are 2 diving sections, each including a small and large diving board. There are many rules involving the diving board to prevent injuries (no flips, back dives, double jumps, etc.) so the only things you can really do are jump and dive. During the weekends, the pool can reach full capacity (3500 patrons), but during the early weekdays, the usual number ranges from 100-1000. This may seem like a lot, but the size of the pool and pool deck combined is more than enough to occupy everyone.

The pool has a concession stand that tends to be rather expensive so I would recommend bringing your own food. There are benches and lots of grass for patrons to settle down on and enjoy the day.

Lake, Boating and Fishing

Franklin D. Roosevelt State Park also offers rowboat and pedal boat rentals for its Mohansic Lake. (Note: Swimming is not allowed.) If you would rather bring your own kayak, canoe or rowboat, there is a boat launch but a regional boating permit is required. Fishing is permitted also, but a New York State Freshwater Fishing License is required.

There is a little waterway that is just big enough for a rowboat to fit through running off of Mohansic Lake that leads to Crom Pond. Only trees and wildlife can be seen from Crom Pond so if you're up for the rather difficult trip through the waterway, it's a nice place to go to get away from everything.

Hiking Trails

Whether you are looking to walk the dog, go for a jog, or just enjoy the day, FDR's numerous walking trails allow for several hours of exploration and relaxation. The hiking trails are relatively flat, although some are more challenging side trails for the experienced hiker. The trails range between easy paved trails to medium dirt paths. Whichever trail you end up on, you are never too far away from a familiar landmark or pavilion.


After a swim in the pool or a walk on the trails, many people settle down to one of the eight picnic areas. As the food is being cooked on the provided charcoal grills, many picnic areas have playground areas, volleyball courts, soccer / baseball / softball fields and the occasional basketball court. The grills are old to say the least so I would recommend bringing your own charcoal grill or an extra roll of tin foil.

There are two concession stands that are open during the summer months, although they tend to be rather expensive compared to bringing your own food. Each picnic area has a complimentary restroom facility that is rather clean for a park. All in all, FDR State Park is a fun and inexpensive way to spend a day with the family.

For pictures, more content and other articles please visit []

Source by Chase Scott

What is a Snowboard Stomp Pad and How is It Used

If you've ever thought about trying snowboarding, chances are you have heard of a snow board stomp pad. But how much to do you actually know about the pad and why it is an essential part of the equipment? Here's a few basic facts about a stomp pad and how it is used.

When getting off a chairlift and onto a snowboard, only one foot is actually in the binding. Your other foot has to rest on the snowboard itself until you can come to a complete stop and strap it into the binding. Sometimes you will need to make a turn as you leave the chairlift. This is where the stomp pad comes into play. The pad helps prevent your free foot from sliding all along the surface of the snowboard while you are making the turn.

Utilized to help you get traction on the surface of your snowboard, the stomp pad is adhered to the board with an adhesive. The topside of the pad will also be somewhat sticky, allowing your free foot a place to step and not slip around. Ideally, the pad will be placed toward the rear binding so that you can step directly onto the pad and ease your foot into the proper position to bind it to the board.

In addition to helping you dismount gracefully from a chairlift without ending up on the ground, the stomp pad also is useful for helping to remove any accumulation of snow that may have built up on your snowboard boots. By using the pad to scrape any snow or ice fragments before you strap in the foot, you make sure there is nothing that will interfere with your ability to control the direction of the board.

Typically, snowboards come with a stomp pad. If your board does not have one, it is a good idea to purchase one and adhere it to the board yourself. As the pads do need to be changed from time to time, the pads are relatively inexpensive and easy to replace, so go ahead and purchase several.

When affixing the stomp pad to your snowboard, make sure to not simply stick it in place and consider it done. Press down on the pad for a few seconds, making sure the pad does adhere to the board with no wrinkles or puffs in the pad. Do not remove the paper protector from the top of the pad until you are sure the bottom is firmly holding to your board.

It is a good idea to make a few trial runs with using the stomp pad before you get on a chairlift. Make sure you have a good feel for where your foot should be and get used to the way the pad provides the traction for your boot. Ideally, you should be so comfortable with this process that you do not have to watch what you are doing. Those extra seconds it takes to eyeball maneuvering your foot into place and securing the bindings can cost you valuable time during a competition.

Snowboarding is a great sport and one that can provide a lot of enjoyment. If you really want to get the most out of the experience, make sure you know how to install and use a snowboard stomp pad.

Source by Mayoor Patel

About the Mount Kinabalu Climbing Experience – Starting Points and Tales

Mount Kinabalu is the highest mountain in Malaysia and also ranks the 20th place among the highest peaks in the world, in terms of prominence. This and its impressive biodiversity makes Kinabalu one of the most important and far-famed mountains in the world. It is the main attraction in Sabah, along with the Kinabalu National Park- the park surrounding the mountain, which has a variety of flora and fauna that covers not less than 4 climate zones. You can now see why "Mount Kinabalu climbing" is such an imposing phrase. Most people think about is as a dream. But this is a dream that can come true. Below are some tips that can be very useful if you decide to follow your dreams.

Mount Kinabalu climbing preparations for beginners

First of all, you should know that climbers must be accompanied by guides at every moment of their hike. These are the park's rules and everyone must follow them. Secondly, if you want to have a total experience then you should allocate 3 days to the climbing, meaning you will spend 2 nights on the mountain. The mountain's physical properties and its abundance in unique species of plants require that.

If you are a beginner, Low's Peak is not too hard to be climbed if you are in good physical shape. However, other peaks are not that accessible and require more advanced climbing skills.

Mount Kinabalu climbing- starting points

The hike has 2 main starting points:

  • Timpohon Gate – located 5 km away from the park entrance. The place is also known under the name "Pondok Timpohon", meaning "Timpohon Shelter", because of the large wooden shelter that was built here. The place is peaceful and offers a spectacular view. The place has a check point for climbers, where they can file their permits to the stationed ranger. It also has a shop, providing snacks and refreshments.
  • Mesilau Nature Resort- a tourist resort built in 1998, which is a great lodging place for ecotourists. It is 30 minutes far from the Kinabalu Park and 2000 meters above the sea level. This is also a peaceful place and its meeting room stands for motivational training, seminars, meetings and retreats for small groups.

The two trails cross two kilometers before Laban Rata.

Mount Kinabalu climbing tales

There are many tales regarding Mount Kinabalu, but one of them is absolutely breath-taking. It claims that "Kinabalu" means "Cina Balu" or "A Chinese Widow". The story says that a Chinese prince was rescued by the natives of Borneo after his ship sank. The prince fell in love with a local woman and then abandoned her because of his parents. The woman died at the top of the mountain, which she used to climb every morning to see if her husband would return home.

Source by Gregg Hawes

Hunters Find Prime Areas in Northeast Alabama

Alabama has a diversity of wildlife for hunting. The state has more than 250,000 licensed hunters who hunt each year. The northeastern part of the state contains a number of public and privately managed areas that are open for hunting. Specific rules and regulations apply for each type of game hunted. A hunting license, management area permit, and management area license are required when hunting in state managed areas. Here are some of northeast Alabama's most popular hunting areas.

Several of Alabama's 37 wildlife management areas are located in Jackson County. These areas are maintained by the Division of Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries of the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. The James D. Martin-Skyline Wildlife Management Area near Scottsboro contains 46,000 acres along with a shooting range. Hunters will find big and small game onsite. Quail and wild turkey are plentiful. North Sauty Wildlife Refuge is also near Scottsboro. Its 5,000 acres are open for small game hunting. Crow Creek Wildlife Management Area is located near Stevenson, Alabama. Comprised of 12,000 acres, the area is open for waterfowl and small game hunting. Mud Creek Wildlife Management Area near Scottsboro contains 8,000 acres of wetlands open for waterfowl and small game hunting. Raccoon Creek Public Hunting Area is located on 7,000 acres near Stevenson. Waterfowl, big game, and small game hunting are allowed.

Those who enjoy quail hunting may want to check out sites on the Alabama Quail Trail. This group of private individuals, businesses, and conservation organizations focus on the development of quail hunting sites, quail conservation, and research and habitat development. Several private sites in northeast Alabama cater to quail hunters. Crow Creek Hunting Preserve near Stevenson offers customized quail hunts. There is also turkey and dove hunting onsite. Northeast Alabama Hunting Preserve is located on Sand Mountain near Section, Alabama. There are professionally guided quail hunts from October through March. In addition, they offer pheasant, dove, and squirrel hunting as well as sporting clays. Dream Ranch is located on High Point Road in Albertville, Alabama. They allow quail, pheasant, duck, deer, and hog hunting. Lookout Creek Farm is located off County Road 137 in Valley Head, Alabama. This scenic valley between Lookout Mountain and Sand Mountain offers quail, turkey, pheasant, dove, duck, rabbit, and deer hunting.

Fall hunting includes deer, duck, and geese seasons, as well as dove season in the north zone. Quail season runs November 10-February 28. Rabbit and squirrel season runs October 1-February 28.

Source by Nova Sisk

Singles Cruises – Expect to Have Fun, But Do Not Expect to Find True Love

If you are going on a singles cruise with the sole purpose of finding true love – well, you might want to save your money and stay at home. If, on the other hand, you want to go on a singles cruise to meet other people and to have fun (with no great expectations), there is no better travel option for you. A singles cruise can be fun and adventurous – it gives you the chance to break away from your everyday life and to truly be yourself (or to be whomever else you want!)

What you should and want to know about singles cruises:

· If you are cruising single, it is best to sign up for an organized singles cruise. Otherwise, you are likely to get stuck on a ship with very few other single adults, and spouses get weary of you hitting on their loved one!

· Perhaps you have shied away from signing up on a singles cruise, thinking that it will simply full of lustful creeps and losers who can not get a date in the real world – this is not true. After all, you have considered going on one yourself, right? And are you a creep or a loser? Sure, there will be some people that fit in this category, but it is a big ship … you can avoid them. For the most part, the people that sign up for these singles cruises are simply single and looking for fun – they are nice and normal people with real lives back at home.

· Consider signing up for a singles group cruise – this way, you do not have to go out and meet other singles completely on your own. Rather, you get to attend cocktail parties, one-minute dating, games, and special shore excursions, etc. with a group that you will get to know over the extent of your vacation. You can not get into certain events if you are not a part of that group.

· If you do go on a singles cruise, do not spend the entire time searching for your soul mate. You are bound to have a lot more fun if you concentrate on your beautiful surroundings, too. Also, realize that you might make lasting friendships, not just lasting courtships.

· Most likely, you are not going to find true love. I do not mean to sound pessimistic, but it is the truth. There are, however, some couples that meet and later get married! There is hope for love – it is just not very likely. Realize that the majority of the people that you meet are not going to be your neighbors – you are lucky if they even come from neighboring states. People come from all over the country to go on singles cruises, and it can be hard to keep in contact with them once the cruise is over.
· Realize that there are multiple types of singles cruises that you can sign up for – there are seniors single cruises, Jewish single cruises, Christian single cruises, and other such cruises. There are also gay and lesbian singles cruises, too, of course.

· While cruises are relatively cheap, having a single room all to yourself can be quite pricey. If you are not up to the cost, most cruises will help you find a roommate – they generally set you up by basic similarities like sex, age, and whether or not you smoke. There is a chance that your roommate could become your best friend … or your worst enemy. It is good to set up a few ground rules at the very beginning – for instance, what to do if one of you brings back a potential "soul mate" for the night. All in all, though, you are probably going to be spending very little time in your cabin – there is so much other stuff to see and do!

· Many cruises have special message boards that you can start using to contact fellow cruisemates up to a month before your actual cruise. This is a good way to find people in advance that have similar interests, etc – most cruises are short and it does not seem like enough time to really get to know someone. It can also be a good way to find a potential roommate.

· Do not miss out on the great eating opportunities just because you are afraid that you will look too fat in your bathing suit the next day! While you may not fall in love with a future mate, you certainly will and should fall in love with all of the food options.

· Singles cruises are, most definitely, great places to have a fantastic fling. There are few places quite as romantic as a cruise, and it seems that you can get to know someone rather quickly. Of course, as some might say, a fling on a cruise is just like 6-night stand.

· The ages of singles on a cruise vary greatly – there are people in the early 20s and people in their late 70s. Generally, you will find older adults on longer cruises – they have accrued more vacation time. Short cruises have a good mix.

All in all, a singles cruise is a fun way to travel, just do not expect to find true love. Besides, you never know – a singles cruise could exceed your expectations.

Source by Anne Clarke

You Want to Know Your Rights to Cheap Military Flights?

If you are going to avail yourself of military cheap flights, first you need to get certain facts right. You must look for the availability of the military discount flights and then make an early booking. Secondly, you need to make sure that your identity is registered with the airline concerned as a Navy, Marines, Army, or Air Force personnel.

It will be easier to look for military cheap flights online than to make the booking through the ticketing agents. If you make the booking through agents they will scrutinize your identity again frustrating you further by asking more questions. But if you are booking online, a simple verification check can be performed by referring to a database from where all the necessary details can be obtained. Additionally the savings that you can make on these discount flights could be up to seventy percent compared to a normal fare charged to an ordinary commercial passenger. Another advantage in on-line booking of your military cheap flights is that further savings can be made on other package deals such as hotels and car rentals as well.

Whether you are on your way back home, traveling for a vacation with your family, or reporting for duty, OneTravel offers hassle free travel at the lowest cost. Finding the cheapest military flight deals has never been so easy. Military cheap flights together with car rentals, hotels and holiday packages are also available from OneTravel for active and retired military personnel. Go to OneTravel web site and start your search for military discount flights to any destination. With Globofare Technology of OnetTravel, military personnel can get a further discount of $ 10.00 off the final price.

American Eagle and AmericanConnection may offer military cheap flights in some markets. These offers include discounted airfares, reduced minimum stay requirements, and preferred boarding privileges. Further information can be obtained by contacting American Airlines Reservations on the toll free number 1-800-433-7300. Some special discount offers which include cheap airfares, relaxed advanced purchase requirements are also available for the exclusive use of active members of the US military. In addition the active US military personnel can enjoy 7 day grace period from the day you make the reservation, before you make the actual payment for the tickets. This would further facilitate the travel arrangements for the military personnel and their families.

Military personnel traveling on an officially excused absence are entitled to get special military discounts from US Airways. Same applies to discharged personnel within seven days of discharge. Special rates are also applicable for military dependents. However these special rates are not available to military personnel on temporary duty orders and traveling to or from their temporary duty station. More information can be obtained from US Airways by phoning 1-800-428-4322.

Southwest Airlines also offers military cheap flights to active duty personnel and their dependents. In order to grab these cheap flights you need to contact Southwest Airlines on 1-800-435-9792 as military fares can not be purchased through the Southwest Airlines web site. You can get the most of these cheap flights if coupled with a cruise at your holiday destination. Carnival Cruise Lines offers special discounts fifty percent off the published fares for active US military personnel. Additional information can be obtained from Carnival Discount Cruise Travel Agents by phoning on 1-888-516-6306.

Source by Gamini Wijeratne

To Bike Or Not to Bike? Off-Season Training For Hockey

Some fitness coaches who specialize in hockey training insist that hockey players should stay off the ice during the summer months. The advocate a return just in the weeks prior to training camp. Some believe that riding the bike is the best mode of energy system development for hockey players. Others, like me, use a combination of modes to train hockey players who will be fitter, faster and more injury resistant.

The elite level players that I train skate 1-2 times per week. Some of them go to the local power skating guru and work on their skating skill. This is my preference, I do not really want them scrimmaging, I want them skating. For the pro players, we go on the ice twice per week, once for medium duration interval sessions and once for agility and quickness training. The skating is supplemented with land-based agility training, a track or hill workout and yes, even some biking. You may be asking yourself, "What is the difference? As long as they are getting more fit what does it matter if they only bike or not?" To be clear, I am not saying that hockey players should not ride the bike. I have my hockey players ride the bike at times during the summer, just not all the time. And I think it is a great tool to use during the season. Here are a few of the pros and cons of using the bicycle with hockey players:

PROs I like biking because you can very easily adjust the resistance. It is relatively safe; no athlete is going to sprain their ankle riding the bike. From a skill perspective, there is a level playing field for different athletes. If you are running at the track, some hockey players have a great running stride whereas some athletes are not nearly as proficient. Finally, the player will get a great leg workout. When we do intervals on the bike they will tell me that their legs feel the same fatigue they feel when they are on the ice.

CONs I dislike the bike because it trains the hockey player in a hip flexed, spine flexed position, a position where they already spend a good amount of their time on the ice and sitting on the bench. If they are a student then they spend all day sitting at their desks in a hip flexed, spine flexed position. With these sustained postures we see shortening of the hip flexors among other adaptations. When a player skates she must extend at the hip to get a full powerful stride. If the hip flexor is tight they will not be able to get this range from the hip joint and will likely compensate by either taking short choppy strides or by hyper-extending the lower back. This will reduce their skating performance and may lead to overuse injuries.

One of the arguments against skating in the off-season is that it lets the player's groins recover from the use they get when skating. This is used to support the use of the bicycle as a training tool. If you look at someone bicycling you notice that their thighs stay parallel as they pedal, the movement is in the saggital plane. So you can see how this will not put the groins on a stretch the way skating does.

If I take an athlete who needs to abduct at the hip (which puts stretch on the adductors or groin muscles) to move in their sport and train them in a way that does not put any stretch on those muscles, can you see how they may adaptively shorten in response to the new demands? They are not being repeatedly stretched, so they do not need to be as long and they will shorten. Then if the athlete starts skating everyday, they are now putting those adaptively shortened groin muscles on repeated stretch and risk a strain. Not a great way to start training camp.

So my argument against riding the bike in the off-season is that it compounds muscle imbalances that already occur in hockey players and undoes some of the adaptive lengthening that is necessary in the adductor (groin) muscles. Both may reduce skating efficiency and contribute to overuse injuries.

I will finish by saying that there are some amazing fitness coaches out there who specialize in training hockey players, love the stationary bike, use it effectively as a part of their overall hockey training system and produce some very effective players. Clearly they are addressing the muscle imbalances and mobility issues in other areas of their training. My goal is to encourage you to continue thinking about the specific demands of hockey on your athletes and train them systematically with those demands in mind.

Source by Maria Mountain

Traditional Dances Of Kenya

The traditional dances of Kenya are some of the most diverse and popular in Africa. The various types of folk music are based on different ethnic groups that are found in the country. The culture, language, dance and music of every tribe is different from each other. The drum is the most popular musical instrument used in many dances performed around the country. Other famous instruments include; bells, horns, guitar, flutes and whistles.

The music and dance is from the rich culture of Kenya and it can be categorized into folk, traditional and international. Isikuti, a Luhya name for drum is the traditional dance for the Luhya people in Western Kenya. Paired men and women sway to the rhythm of the drums, bells, whistles and horns in their dance style.

The Masai communities have structured dances performed in different occasions. For example, the Masai Jumping Dance which is also called "Adamu" in the Masai language is a dance performed by Masai warriors. They show their strength and stamina by leaping into the air one after the other as the rest of the warriors stand in a circle while they sing. The Masai community do not use any musical instruments when performing their folk songs. Instead, women wear bells and rattles which create jiggling sound as they sing.

Both the Kamba and Chuka people are famous for their acrobatic style of dancing. They have a unique drumming style in which a long drum leans forward between the thighs. Taarab is another for of traditional music in Mombasa. It consists of African and Arabian influence. In this dance style, men, women and the Youth dance in a rhythmic way as they sing poems in Swahili. The people of Mombasa have a unique way of dressing and majority of the people talk in Swahili. Today, Taarab is still popular in the coastal region.

Traditional dance of Kenya has become more modern due to the western and foreign influence. The guitar is the most famous instrument used in the international music. Many modern forms of music have evolved such as reggae, hip-hop, jazz, rap, Afro-Fusion and the Congolese pop. All the modern form of music is very popular to the Kenyan youth especially in urban cities. Some famous modern musicians include Mighty King Kong, Eric Wainaina and Maji Maji. The spread of Christianity in Kenya has also given birth to another form of dance called gospel music, which have spread throughout all the churches.

Source by Peter Gitundu

A Brief History of New Zealand

Apart from being considered one of the most beautiful countries in the world, New Zealand also has the distinction of being one of the youngest. It was the last major land mass to be discovered by Europeans, and today, this fascinating and unspoiled country offers many reminders of its Maori and Colonial history.

The earliest known settlers in the two islands were the seafaring Maori, who arrived sometime between 1000 and 1300 AD, although some evidence suggests they were there earlier. The Maoris named the new land Aotearoa, meaning "Land of the Long White Cloud", a name that still seems appropriate today.

The Maoris survived by hunting and farming and later by trading with the European settlers. Today, New Zealand boasts several places where you can still experience several fascinating glimpses into the Maori's way of life and Maori culture is still an important part of what has become an increasingly multicultural society.

The Maoris were skilled fishermen, as well as expert sailors. One of their traditions was to throw back the first fish caught as a way of thanking the sea god for the catch – a tradition that continues today. They were also adept at hunting the world's largest bird, the Moa, and harvesting and eating vegetables and potatoes.

One of the best places to gain an insight into their culture is the restored Maori village at Tamaki, which offers the chance to watch traditional singing, dancing and to purchase hand made crafts. The highlight of your visit may be the opportunity to sample a typical Maori meal, prepared the same way as it has been for centuries – cooked for several hours on hot stones buried under the ground.

The Dutch were the first Europeans to discover the two islands, naming them Nieuw Zeeland, after the Dutch province of the same name. The explorer Abel Tasman first sighted the land in 1642 – although the first visit was not a success as there was fighting between the Maoris and the Dutch. Tasman later named the bay where he had anchored "Murderer's bay".

The Maoris were left in peace for the next hundred years until the British explorer Captain James Cook arrived in the 18th century. Cook's group had their misfortunes too – Maori warriors killed and ate nine members of the ship's crew. New Zealand could just as easily have become a French colony – by coincidence, a French ship was exploring the area at the same time although neither ship sighted the other.

From the late 1790s onwards, the north coast of the North Island became a busy place, as traders, whaling ships and missionaries established settlements there. The settlers traded weapons with the Maoris – often trading muskets for fruit or pigs. This led to the tribes fighting among themselves – a bloody period in New Zealand's history that has become known as the "Musket Wars".

The British signed a treaty to colonize the islands in February, 1840 – the Treaty of Waitangi. While most Maoris were agreeable to this, not every tribe was amenable and this led to more fighting – a period known as the New Zealand Wars. One skirmish was triggered off by the Maoris repeatedly cutting down the ceremonial British flagpole in the settlement at Kororareka.

The following year New Zealand officially became a British colony and the New Zealand Constitution Act was established in 1852. The islands saw a further increase in immigrants, not only from the UK, but from other parts of Europe and the US as well. And the late 19th century also saw the beginning of immigration from China, with men arriving to work in the gold mines.

During the 1890s, New Zealand's economy, which had previously relied mainly on trading and wool, was boosted by the increased export of frozen meat to Britain. The invention of refrigeration suddenly made it possible to keep meat cold for the duration of the long sea crossing – New Zealand would remain a key player in the refrigerated meat business until the 1970s.

New Zealand declared independence from the UK in 1907, although the country remained a part of the British Empire and New Zealanders fought alongside the British in both world wars. A period of cooperation with the United States led to the signing of the ANZUS treaty in 1951, guaranteeing that New Zealand, Australia and America would assist each other if any of the countries were to be invaded.

Today, New Zealand is an independent nation within the British Commonwealth and still retains strong bonds with Britain. The British Union Jack appears on the country's flag and an image of the Queen can still be seen on some banknotes. People from all over the world visit this remote nation to experience its history and a taste of its unique culture.

Source by Craig Elliot

The Top 7 Don'ts When Clubbing in Las Vegas

What happens in Vegas, stays in Vegas, right? You can get as wild as you want to, drink and party until it's light outside and relax at the pool all day.

This all may be true, yet, there are still some things you do not do while you're here. Here's just a brief list of the top 7:

1) DO NOT be nasty to the wait staff: These people have feelings, children and employers. Even bouncers / bartenders / dealers / cocktail waitresses have their boundaries! Think about this, you might be there to have a good time but these people have rules they have to follow.

2) DO NOT dance on the chairs, the tables, the bar: You'll only have a chance to be up there for 30 seconds – the exact amount of time it will take for the security guard to come over to you and order you to climb back down. Do not climb up on any part or article of furniture unless you see other patrons doing it. And do not think because there is professional dancing up on a podium that you can join them. This is a sure way of being kicked out of the club.

3) DO NOT forget to tip. The staff lives almost completely on tips and their actual hourly earnings is somewhere around minimum wage. If you decide not to leave a tip at all you should expect really bad table service and a swarm of animosity to hang close to you. Cocktail waitresses and bartenders will really avoid you. Dealers and slot attendants should be tipped when you win, and the valet and cocktail waitresses should be tipped all the time. The only difference between a great tip and a horrible tip is a few dollars.

4) DO NOT avoid the crosswalk when crossing Las Vegas Blvd. Crazy tourists die every year when they try to dodge the taxis, locals and drive-in visitors that speed down the street at 60+ mph. Even So, if your safety does not convince you, maybe the cops giving you a jaywalking ticket of $ 250 will. Millions of dollars has been spent by Clark County paying for the pedestrian overpasses. Use them.

5) DO NOT hit on a cocktail waitress. Guys: They might be in short dresses and they might be flirting with you, but that's because that's their JOB. Their warm smiles and enthusiastic salutations are what their employers want them to do and these behaviors does not mean that they like you / are in love with you / desire to be intimate with you. Making a move on them will do nothing but cause them to roll their eyes as they walk by. Simply enjoy the drinks, the laughter and the atmosphere and forget about anything else.

6) DO NOT dress like a street walker. Girls: Please do not snatch up the tiniest dress you own, which barely fit you 12 years ago, or use your holiday as a reason to purchase a new hoochie dress from Forever 21 that does not quite conceal all your parts. If you are 40+, do not shop there. If you think this does not apply to you, then it probably does. You'll look and feel awkward and thus wind up drinking more to repress the insecurity. You might be trying for sexy but if you have love-handles it will show through that tank top or worse yet, rolls that show below that top. Ewww. Nobody wants to see that. Dress attractive, not hoochie – there IS a difference.

7) DO NOT be a jerk. You are not Joe Pesci in Casino and nobody will see you as being cool because you are acting like a ego-tistical jerk. Do not walk around and pretend like you are the big man in Vegas unless you are actually Sean Combs or Janet Jackson. If you are reading this, you most likely are not them.

Source by Heidi Keller-Rosen