1. Fuerteventura is one of the Canary Islands located off the coast of Morocco in the Atlantic Ocean and sits on the same latitude as Mexico and Florida.
2. It is the oldest of all the Canary Islands and dates back to its earliest dated volcanic eruption which was about 20 million years ago.
3. It is also the second largest of all the Canary Islands, behind Tenerife and has a highest point of 807 metres which is the summit of 807 metres on Mount Jandia.
4. The original settlers on Fuerteventura were the Maho who arrived from Morocco, and derives from the ancient term of 'maho' which means a type of goatskin shoe which was worn by the people. The Maho lived in the caves on the island and indeed today artifacts have been found that give evidence to this fact such as tools and pottery. They lived there up until the Phoenician settlers arrived in 11th century BC from the land of Canaan.
5.The French expolorer Jean de Bethencourt took the island in 1405 and originally gave the name Betancuria to the former capital and indeed the name of the island is said to have been derived from his exclamation "Quelle forte aventure" which means "What a grand adventure ".
6. It was taken over by Spain in the eighteenth century and remains part of Spain to this day, although it is part of the Canary Islands government.
7. Politically it is part of the province of Gran Canaria and is split into six municipalities, which are Antigua, Betancuria, la Oliva, Pajara, Puerto del Roasario, and Tuineje. There are 100 different settlements consisting of towns, villages and hamlets which are scattered throughout these municipalities.
8. The economy of the island, like all of the Canary Islands, is based primarily on tourism. The main tourist hubs are around the towns of Morro Jable, Caleta de Fuste and Corralejo. Tourists to the island are attracted by the warm climate of Fuerteventura as it has approximately 3,000 sunshine hours each and every year.
9. Tourists first started arriving to the island in the 1960s with the very first island built in 1965, with the Airport built not long after that in El Mattoral.
10. The island is very popular with surfers due to the trade winds of the summer months and in the winter, the winter swells of the Atlantic Ocean. It is also popular with other water sports activities such as fishing, scuba diving and sailing as the clear waters of the Atlantic are a magnet for such fish as marlin, and also dolphins and whales are often sighted off the coast of the island.