Airport Shuttle Service

Airport shuttle services are reliable and inexpensive means of transportation, designed to quickly transport people from airports to the major part of the cities. These services save people time by saving them a walk before and after their flight. These vehicles run between the two points at regular intervals and are preferred as a cheaper alternate to hiring a taxi. Mostly they are free while in some cases there may be a nominal charge. For providing low price services, it employ the share a ride model, where travelers share the ride with few other commuters, in order to keep the expenses down for everyone. They also provide public safety by reducing the number of pedestrians in parking lots after landing the plane.

It is a common service and offered anywhere; these services provide a considerable value over a taxi's services as these services offer inexpensive airport transportation services to the passengers. For a group of two, either shuttle or taxi may be cheaper, depending on the city you are in and the fare different companies' offer. In the UK many hotels offer shuttle services, especially when the hotel is situated near to a major airport. These services may be complimentary or in some circumstances charges may be added to the final bill. Some hotels are even offering luxury airport shuttle services, allowing passengers to share a ride in limousines or private cars instead of standard airport vans.

In many airport shuttle services courteous drivers will point out the important landmarks and other attractions, making the journey a pleasant experience. In the UK many shuttles services provider companies work online for instance, London Airports Taxi Transfer. Their online booking allows you to schedule your pickup time and location online.

For more information on Airport Shuttle Service, visit our business directory SearchMe4.

Source by Malik Afzal Asif

Doggin 'Boston: Where To Hike With Your Dog In Beantown

Boston Common, bounded by Beacon, Charles, Boylston, Tremont and Park streets, is the oldest public park in the country, created in 1634 as a "cow pasture and training field" for common use. Cattle grazed here for 200 years, and could look up every now and then to see the occasional public hanging that took place in the Common.

The park is about 50 acres in size and is the anchor for the Emerald Necklace, a
system of connected parks that visit many of Boston's neighborhoods. Dogs are
welcome on Boston Common and can even run off-leash from 5-7 am and 5-7
pm

Nearby, 15 minutes to the south of Boston, is the dog-friendly Blue Hills
Reservation. The first settlers came to this area 10,000 years ago and called
themselves "Massachusett," meaning "people of the hills." When European
explorers set sight on the forested slopes while sailing along the coastline they
named the region the Blue Hills.

They logged the hillsides to build hoses and barns and cleared the lowlands for
crops and livestock. In 1893, the Metropolitan Parks Commission made the Blue
Hills one of their first purchases for land set aside for recreation. Today, Blue Hills
Reservation maintains 7,000 acres of land where you can hike with your dog in the
shadow of Boston.

Some 125 miles of trails visit a variety of terrain from hills and meadows to forests
and wetlands, including a unique Atlantic white cedar bog. Some of the canine
hiking can be quite challenging and many of the trails are strewn with rocks. Great
Blue Hill, rising 635 feet above the Neponsett Valley, is the highest of the 22 hills
in the Blue Hills chain.

Keep your head up for sweeping views of the metropolitan area. Also keep an eye
out for the diverse wildlife in the Blue Hills Reservation that is not often associated
with Boston – timber rattlesnakes, coyote and otters. Most of the trails are marked
but a trail map is a wise purchase for day hikes – one is on sale at park
headquarters (695 Hillside Street) or the Blue Hills Trailside Museum (1904 Canton
Avenue).

The National Register of Historic Places lists 16 structures from Blue Hills
Reservation. The most celebrated sits at the summit of Great Blue Hill – the Blue Hill
Weather Observatory. Still used as a weather station, the observatory is in Eliot
Tower, a stone observation post built by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the
1930s.

The Blue Hills Reservation is headquartered in Milton, 8 miles south of Boston. Take
Route 93 to Exit 3, Houghton's Pond. Turn right at the stop sign onto Hillside Street.
Houghton's Pond is located approximately 1/4 miles on the right; continue 1/4
miles to the reservation headquarters on the left.

copyright 2006

Source by Doug Gelbert

Discovery in Grassy Cove Saltpeter Cave

On a cool March Friday in 1972, John Wallace checked out his four seat airplane at the Charlie Brown Airport in Atlanta for a flight to Tennessee. The plan was for John's wife Youlanda, and their children Paul and Erika along with Art Smith, and Jack Pace to drive up to the Cumberland Mountain State Park in Crossville, Tennessee and rent a cabin for the weekend. My wife Kathy, our six-year-old daughter, Deanna and I would fly with John to the Crossville Memorial Airport in Crossville and we would spend a day of caving the next day.

We would alternate driving and flying in order to have transportation from the airport to the caves we visited in the southeast. Half of the group would fly and the other half would drive. This trip was quite a nice one along the interstate and then we followed the state road into Crossville. It was after dark when we arrived and the airport's lights were not on. The airport is on top of a mountain and we were a little nervous about finding a place to land. John's wife was there but could not contact anyone at the airport. John at last managed to radio someone and they turned on the lights.

It was a large cabin at the park and we settled in for a good night of rest before the trip the next day. We planned to visit Devils Sink Hole with the family and then the four of us would explore Grassy Cove Saltpeter Cave on the other side of the mountain. Kathy and Deanna spent a lovely day hiking around the park while we went caving.

A few miles southeast of Crossville is located Grassy Cove, A depression between two mountains that by all rights should be a big natural lake. The rain water that falls in the cove runs north into a cave, then emerges at the Devils Sink Hole, south of the cove and over the mountain. This long mountain contains many caves and a major stream that flow completely under it. Grassy Cove Saltpeter Cave is well known for being a dusty cave and dust masks are handy to avoid histoplasmosis, a lung disease common in dusty caves and chicken houses. I did come down with a light case of this later and it could very well have been from this cave. The doctor wanted to know if I had been around any chicken houses.

We entered the cave and debated about exploring the west dry passages or to venture down the waterfall at the east end of the cave. There were reported to be more caves below the water fall. However, ropes would be required and we were not prepared for that. The water fall room sounded too good to pass up so we opted for going down through the chasm and to the water fall.

The Chasm is a short drop that can be climbed if you chimney out to a narrow portion of the drop. We however chose to use the rope for the drop. We continued down to the waterfall room and poked around looking for any easy lead to continue on. John was checking behind a large rock on the north side of the passage when he noticed air blowing from the rocks. We all got excited and started helping with the easy dig.

In less than an hour we had a small hole that looked to open up below. I was elected to give it a try, I am not sure why I was first but I was grateful. I went feet first into the hole removing my hard hat in order to squeeze through. At the bottom there was a low craw that went to the northeast for about 50 feet and then a ledge with a short drop of about 5 feet into a large room sloping downward. I study the floor and could not make out any tracks. I sat there yelling encouragement to the others to come on down. We had found something big.

I felt like Neil Armstrong on the moon when I made that first step on the floor below and left that first foot print where no one had ever stepped before. The mud had a black coating on top and when you raised your foot it left a very clear orange print about 1 inch deep. It felt strange to walk down into that huge room and then look back at the lonely set of foot prints that would soon turn into a well-worn path.

We explored the one thousand feet of sixty feet wide and thirty feet high passage for the rest of the day, finding formations along the west wall and crystal gypsum flowers covering the floor as the ceiling became lower near the end. We crawled through some breakdown into a much smaller room at the end and could find no way to continue.

We were all very excited about our new find and planned to return to map this new section the following month. We returned on Saturday, April 22, 1972 with the additional assistance of my wife's cousin, Bill Meier, and mapped the March 18th Discovery. I was working for Eastman Kodak Co. At the time and had access to the latest home movie cameras. I was trying out a new model with very low light capability for taking movies in the cave. We used a Coleman Lantern for the light source and the shutter speed set slow to capture as much light as possible. These short movies can be viewed on my caving web site.

When Jack Pace moved to Nashville he told the caving group there about the discovery. Three years later in 1975 a group of Nashville cavers pushed the end of the Georgia Room and discovered the Nashville Extension, a stream passage that extended the cave far under the mountain. This is the reason we go into caves, to see what is there.

As of the close of 2013, the largest room in Grassy Cove Saltpeter Cave does not have a name. As I was the first person to set foot there, I take pleasure in naming the passage that averages thirty feet high by sixty feet wide, and one thousand feet long, the "Georgia Room."

Grassy Cove Saltpeter Cave now ranks eleventh in the state of Tennessee for the longest cave. I would like to think that we made it a little easier for future cavers to discover the miles of cave that followed in this great cave. Great discoveries were made in the following years, and then in the late 70's the Smoky Mountain Grotto sealed our small hole with a slab of concrete marked "SMG"

1 Blue Spring Cave 33 miles

2 Cumberland Caverns 27 miles

3 Xanadu Cave System 23 miles

4 Rumbling falls Cave 15 miles

5 Nunley Mountain Cave System 15 miles

6 Big Bone Cave 15 miles

7 Snail Shell Cave System 9 miles

8 Rice Cave 9 miles

9 Cuyler Cave 8 miles

10 Dunbar Cave 8 miles

11 Grassy Cove Saltpeter Cave 8 miles

12 Wolf River 7 miles

13 Haws Spring Cave 7 miles

14 Zarathustra 7 miles

15 Camps Gulf Cave 6 miles

This was the first major discovery that I was involved with and I have been more excited about caving than ever and the challenge of not only exploring but documenting caves with maps, pictures, movies, and articles.

Source by Hubert Clark Crowell

Guard Against Summer Ear Injuries!

With summer just around the corner, I know I'm going to start seeing a lot more patients with ear complaints and injuries. Post why? Many ear conditions and injuries arise from things associated with warm weather and busier outdoor activity, like water sports, motorcycles, and amusement park rides, Fourth of July celebrations, flying insects! They all can create their special problems for your ears if you're not careful. Let me tell you how.

Water Sports and Other Amusements

Infections and barotrauma injury (sudden atmospheric pressure changes from wind force or deep water) to the ears are the two most common types of injuries that can occur frequently in summer. Here's how they happen:

Swimmer's Ear: Water gets into the ear canal and destroys its natural acidity that normally checks bacteria. Infections can start deep in the ear and become very painful. Kids most often get swimmer's ear but I see a lot of adult patients with it as well. In fact, you can get swimmer's ear from getting water in your ear in the shower!

The symptoms are itching at first, a sense of blockage, decreased hearing, and then pain. However, swimmer's ear is pretty easily treated with antibiotic eardrops that should relieve the symptoms in about 48 hours.

Helpful Tips: If you like to dive and / or swim under water a lot, use earplugs. Make sure you dry your outer ear canal so water does not trickle down into your inner ear. To prevent infection, restore acid balance by instilling 3-4 drops of an equal mixture of white vinegar and rubbing alcohol into your ears. The vinegar restores the acid balance and the alcohol dries out the water. Do not use Q-tips in your ears! Not only can your hand slip and cause an eardrum penetration injury, but also tiny cotton fibers can get lodged in your ear and cause infection.

Scuba Diving, Jet Skiing, Kite Surfing , and Motorcycles: When the pressure from rushing wind (like that in fast jet skiing, motorcycles, or kite surfing) or deep water (scuba diving) is not equalized, it can damage the eardrum. Symptoms include ringing in the ears, hearing loss, or blood coming from the ear.

Helpful Tips: If you have trouble equalizing pressure while scuba diving, rise up in the water until you can. Do not go diving with cold or sinus congestion already present as this causes extra pressure on your inner ear. If you're going to jet ski, wind surf, kite surf, cover your ears with either a neoprene hood made for water sports and / or ear plugs. For motorcycling, keep a helmet on, with your head facing forward. Turning it sideways allows wind to rush into the ear canal at a high pressure. Not only can it blow dirt and bugs into your ear, but also the pressure alone can damage your hearing.

Surfer's Ear: This is an overgrowth of bone in the external ear canal that occurs from exposure to cold water and wind. Bony lumps grow in the ear canal and can cause infections and a feeling of congestion and muffled hearing. Prevalent amongst cold-water surfers, people who jet ski, wind surf, kite surf, or participate in any water sports where high pressure wind effects their ears. Surgery is usually the treatment of choice to remove the bone growths.

Amusement Park Rides: Riding roller coasters and high sudden drop type amusement park rides can cause a loss of pressure in your ears, much the way deep water can damage the eardrum. Researchers studied people who rode high, fast roller coasters and found that if they turned their head even slightly during the first big drop, rushing, high-pressure air forced into the ear canal was significant enough to cause hearing loss.

Helpful Tips: Wear a neoprene hood or swim cap for water or kite surfing to keep your ears covered. Use earplugs and keep your head facing forward if you want to brave the extreme height of roller coasters or "sudden drop" type rides.

The Noise of Summer

With the warm weather comes noisy building / road construction, Fourth of July celebrations, loud rock concerts, auto races, even lawnmowers, all of which can damage your hearing. Let me share with you how loud noise from situations like this can injure your ears.

Firecrackers, Concerts, Auto Races: If you've ever shot off M-80's or cherry bomb firecrackers on the Fourth of July, you know how loud they can be up close. If you attend an outdoor fireworks lightshow, these rapid percussion explosions can have the same effect on your ears as being in a war zone with shells going off. Similarly, ever go to an outdoor rock concert, or auto race and see people holding their hands over their ears? Typically, these events are very loud in the 90 to 140 decibel range. Anything over 80 db can permanently damage your hearing. At best it can leave your hearing muffled for several hours afterwards.

Helpful Tips: You go to fireworks displays for the beautiful colors and designs bursting against the night sky, not the explosive noise they make. Do yourself a favor and protect your ears, wear earplugs! For concerts and auto races, yeah, it's great to be right up near the stage or the track, but your ears / hearing will thank you for getting seats farther back or lawn tickets.

Building / road construction, lawnmowers: I do not know what are louder, jackhammers or those very high pitched, high velocity saws cutting through steel. If you live or work nearby this kind of very loud decibel construction and find you have to shout to talk to someone, this is too much noise for the safety of your ears and hearing. Similarly, lawn services with those big, loud lawnmowers on yours or your neighbors' lawn all summer can adversely affect your hearing.

Helpful Tips: Again, get some earplugs . Try damping the noise by keeping the windows closed and pulling heavy sound muffling drapes over them.

Insects, Dirt, and Other Fly Bys

It may sound like something out of an urban legend but insects really do get into people's ears, eyes and mouth! In fact, it's happened to several of my patients. Most often this occurs while riding a bike and you run into flying bugs at just the right angle to your ear. It can also occur when you are swimming because bugs floating on the water see a safe haven to swim into.

Similarly, dirt, or other flying debris, can get into your ears from working outside, especially if its windy and you are clearing brush, or gardening, where debris can easily fall onto your ears. This kind of ear intrusion can cause inflammation and irritation for both you and your ear.

Helpful Tips: If you get an insect , dirt or debris in your ear, do not put your finger or any other object, like Q-tips or tweezers, in your ear to try and remove it. This can cause an insect to sting or bite, and / or drive what's in there further into your ear canal. Instead put some baby oil or olive oil in a dropper and put several drops into your ear. Then lay with your affected ear down. The oil usually will suffocate an insect and it will float out. Similarly, dirt or other debris should be able to float out too. It might be best to seek medical attention as a doctor can safely flush your ear of any obstruction.

Cuts, Bangs and Bruises

If you cut or scrape an ear somehow, apply pressure if bleeding badly. Outer ears are very rich in blood vessels and can bleed profusely. Seek medical attention immediately if ear tissue has been lost and bleeding does not stop after 5 minutes of pressure. For more minor scrapes, gently clean with warm soap and water or hydrogen peroxide. Apply a compressive bandage and some ice to avoid swelling and pain. See your doctor if the swelling or pain does not let up.

If you get hit in the ear by a flying object such as a baseball, Frisbee, or rock, seek medical attention as soon as possible to determine that there is no damage to the inner ear.

Although summer sports and outdoor fun have their own particular ear health and safety concerns, taking a few precautions ahead of time can help assure that you do not damage your hearing or inner ear. Accidents always happen, especially in the summer, but using a little common sense can minimize any permanent damage to your ears and allow you to enjoy all the fun that summer can bring!

Source by Mark Rosenberg, MD

Changes in Modern Day Camping

Camping is considered as one of the oldest hobbies of Americans. It started in the 1800s when people had makeshift homes in the forests and live with nature. Back then it was their way of living, but today, we do it as a recreational activity.

It is already a given that camping techniques, as well as tools and equipment have changed over the span of centuries. As we become more dependent on technology, more efficient equipment are used in camping.

The pioneers of camping are the Native American Indians who also introduced the art of 'woodcraft' which are skills needed to survive in the wild. These woodcraft skills include building shelter and how to catch fish among other things. It is basically a survival course.

The most drastic change when it comes to modern day techniques is concerned with the equipment being used in camping. The Native Americans started out with homemade camping equipment, and possibly created and designed their own tools to help them survive in the wild. Compared to this, the modern day backpacker has a wide array of equipment to choose from the local sporting goods store. Modern equipment is usually complex and highly specialized.

If we compare the camping equipment used from the old to the new, there are two key differences. One, the material used in making the equipment. Back then materials used are leather, cotton and silk. Now, camping equipment uses synthetic fibers such as nylon and polyester. Second, there is a difference in the design. Now, we have complex designs for our camping equipment, which can probably have more than ten features. While back then, the design was more simple and easy to use.

Despite of these changes, one thing remained constant. The main reason why people camp outdoors still have not changed over the years. People have the need to be one with nature, to go back to the basics and try to survive with nature's elements and to experience closer human companionship with family members or friends.

But what has changed about this is the way people do it.

Now, we rely on equipment that can be very useful and ease the trouble of camping. We rely on modern day technology to do this. We have inflatable mattresses, sleeping bags and tents which can endure any season or weather condition. Having a stovetop spares us the trouble in building a fire from scratch to keep us warm and cook dinner.

If we compare this to the old times, people relied so much on their knowledge and personal skills to survive in the wild because there is a lack of available equipment to do it for them. Perhaps the most important contribution that modern backpackers imparted to other campers is the 'Leave No Trace' policy. People now are more aware of the importance of nature and are doing something to counter the damage brought about by previous and present generations.

The 'Leave No Trace' policy states that you should clean up after yourself whenever you're out there camping. Bring garbage bags and never leave trash and leftover food lying around. Basically, when you leave a camp site it should be the same as you first stepped foot on it.

Source by Benedict Yossarian

The World's Simplest Card Trick

You do not have to be a Lance Burton or Chris Angel to pull of this little card trick and it is almost impossible to mess it up. As long as you can remember the story and the pattern the cards need to be set down, you will not have any problems. This does not mean that you need to prearrange the deck either. The best part is that this trick only requires you to use 16 cards and is self-working.

Step One
Go through the deck and remove all the Aces, Jacks, Queens and Kings. These are the only cards you will need for this trick.

Step Two
You will then need to arrange these cards by their proper suits so that the Jack, Queen, King and Aces of each suit will be in their own pile.

Step Three
You put these four groups of cards into four separate piles. You should start off by having four piles of Kings. Next, cover all but an inch of the Kings with the Queens and then cover all but an inch of the Queens with Jacks and so on. A part of each card should be visible. While you are doing this you tell your audience the following story. There were once four small Island kingdoms in the middle of the ocean. Each island had a king and a queen and a prince named Jack. And each kingdom all had a dog named Ace. One day a huge tidal wave hit the islands and washed everyone into he ocean.

Step Four
At this point you pick up each group and place them one on top of the other. You now hand this pack to the audience and ask them to cut the deck several times.

Step Five
Now you tell your audience that despite this natural disaster no one was hurt and each person and animal swam back to the nearest island. But something sort of strange has happened. At this point you start dealing out the card into four separate piles until you have dealt out the sixteen cards. You will now have four piles of four cards and for the best result you should deal these cards face down.

Step Six
As you finish dealing out the cards turn over each pile one by one and you will reveal that the Kings, Queens, Jack's and Aces are now all in their individual piles. You wind up this trick by saying somehow the Kings, Queens, Jacks and Aces somehow manage to swim to their individual islands.

This is a self working trick and will work out every time. Good luck and have fun with it.

Source by Yamcha Deniel Potter

Black Bear Viewing in Algonquin Park, Ontario, Canada

Black Bear viewing is a great way to enjoy hiking and canoeing in Algonquin Park especially when you are with an experienced guide, a good friend that enjoys hiking, canoeing and portaging and enough time to enjoy the northern lights and star filled sky. It is a great adrenalin rush and gives you an image with your friends of living to the max. Done right it is a lot safer than they will imagine.

The park has about 2,000 black bears and about a thousand moose. There is one bear for every three square kilometres. Photographing black bears and Moose up close requires tracking, hiking and patience with an experienced guide that knows their patterns. The good news is it is well worth it and if planned right it is almost guaranteed to be successful because both black bears and moose re-visit the same areas over and over.

Bears, like most large animals, constantly look for food. Since bears will hibernate and do not eat for up to five months during the winter, they need to find enough food during the rest of the year to restore their fat levels and this takes a lot of nuts, berries, insects grubs, fish and on occasion even a deer fawn, raccoon, skunk or moose calf. They are an intelligent animal, with the ability to remember food locations, hence the habit of returning to berry patches and grub locations where they have found food before.

When you want a contrast to the adrenalin rush of viewing a black bear up close, nothing surpasses the tranquility of an early morning paddle as your canoe moves silently through the calm, mist covered waters of a wilderness lake to the haunting cry of a loon piercing the morning silence. If you have a good guide you are likely to see a majestic moose grazing peacefully in the near shore shallows, oblivious to your presence and just beyond him a bald eagle watching your passage with keen interest.

It is at times like this that a strange peaceful harmony will sweep through you, a harmony that you have not experienced for a very long time. You will feel very glad to be alive, and even happier that you're here.

The best of Some guided canoe trips in the park are On offered by vBulletinĀ® Canadian Tournaments Canoe and Kayak – Wilderness Adventures Http://wildernessadventures.ca/3daycanoe.html

You are On looking the if to really spoil yourself 's wilderness on your quest, Reviews another alternative is the Couples Resort, the Adventure Lodge Http://adventurelodge.com

As Ontario's only 5 Star lakeside resort with immediate Algonquin Park access, Adventure Lodge is a small, intimate and smoke free lodge with a choice of nine outlying grand log cabins. Each cabin is nestled amongst the tall, whispering pines and majestic, cascading waters of the Madawaska River and is equipped with a wood burning fireplace and Jacuzzi.

Source by Michael J McGrath

Exploring Interstate 90 – The Nation's Longest Interstate Freeway

Interstate 90, commonly referred to as I-90, stretches from Boston, Massachusetts to Seattle, Washington, over 3,000 miles – and all of it is non-stop driving if that is what you want. No stoplights, no cross streets, and no designed delays at all. I-90 runs through thirteen different states, some for shorter stretches than others, but a trip on I-90 will let you see quite a cross-section of the United States. Some of the major cities you'll see on a trip across the country via I-90 are: Boston, Syracuse, Albany, Buffalo, Erie, Cleveland, Toledo, Chicago, Madison, Rapid City, Sheridan, Billings, Missoula, Spokane, and Seattle.

I-90 begins in the east in Boston, Massachusetts and heads west through Worcester, Springfield, and Pittsfield (traveling over 123 miles) before entering the state of New York. Nearly all of I-5 in New York is a toll road as it forms the eastern west portion of the New York State Thruway. A spur route connecting to I-90 here and given the number I-990 is the highest numbered Intersate in the country. I-90 in New York runs for over 385 miles and takes you through Albany, Schenectady, Utica, Syracuse, Rochester, and Buffalo and then takes you into Pennsylvania.

Its shortest stretch in any of the states it passes through, I-90 is only inside the borders of the State of Pennsylvania for a little over 46 miles. I-90 does take you through Erie, Pennsylvlania before it readies itself for a 244 mile long march across the State of Ohio. While in Ohio, the freeway speeds through Cleveland and Toledo before depositing travelers in Indiana. As it goes through Cleveland I-90 forms part of the Innerbelt freeway system, including the corner known as Deadman's Curve – an almost 90 degree.

I-90 stays in Indiana for 156 miles and drives through South Bend (home of the University of Notre Dame) and Gary before entering the State of Illinois. While it is driving across the northern part of Indiana, it is only a short ways from the Michigan border. Illinois is home to only 123 miles of I-90, but the Interstate does go through its largest city here; Chicago. I-90 continues through Rockford, Illinois before running north for the first time into Wisconsin.

I-90 stays in Wisconsin for almost 190 miles and passes through the communities of Beloit, Janesville, Madison, Wisconsin Dells, and La Crosse before taking a long run across the State of Minnesota. I-90 Crosses the Mississippi River while in Minnesota and runs close to, and parallel to, the Iowa state border. The freeway runs for 275 miles in Minnesota before it enters South Dakota near Sioux Falls.

I-90 spends its second highest amount of miles in one state in South Dakota, stretching 412 miles from the east and west borders of the state. The freeway enters Wyoming just after passing through Rapid City and Sturgis, South Dakota. After passing through the cities of Gillette and Sheridan, the roadway turns northwest and heads towards Montana. Interstate 90 is inside the State of Wyoming for a total of 208 miles.

The Interstate covers more miles inside the borders of Montana than in any other state with a total of 551 miles covered from the time it leaves Wyoming to the time it enters Idaho. For a time, while in Montana the speed limit on I-90 was officially "reasonable and prudent". Following the freeway through Montana will take you through Billings, Bozeman, Butte, and Missoula before exiting the state via Lookout Pass and entering Idaho. I-90 only travels 73 miles through Idaho but because it cuts across what is known as the Idaho Panhandle you can say that it crosses the entire state from east to west. Inside Idaho I-90 passes through Wallace, Kellogg, Coeur d'Alene, and Post Falls before entering Washington State. The original plan for the freeway intended for the town of Wallace to be wiped out by the roadway. Town leaders took the step of getting the town and its historic buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places, thus forcing the government to move the freeway north and elevate it above portions of the town. Wallace, Idaho was home to the last stop light on I-90, it was removed in 1991 to make the Interstate truly non-stop travel from coast to coast.

Washington State is the end of the road for I-90, but there is still almost 297 miles to go before the freeway ends in Seattle. I-90 enters the eastern portion of Washington near Spokane and then takes a gentle turn southwest towards the center of the state before turning northwest again to cross the Cascade Mountains and reach Seattle on the other side.

Over 3,000 miles and 13 states are covered by I-90, the longest stretch of Interstate Freeway in the country.

Source by M. Allen

Hungry As the Sea by Wilbur Smith

If you love stories of high sea adventure pick up a copy of "Hungry as the Sea" by Wilbur Smith. From the frigid waters of Antarctica, to South Africa, to a London courtroom to a terrifying Caribbean hurricane the riveting action will keep you on the edge of your seat.

Nicholas Berg was once the chairman of a shipping consortium and ruled an ocean going empire. His fortunes changed and he lost his empire and his wife to Duncan Alexander. Now he's captain of the Warlock, a modern and powerful salvage tug. He gets a distress call from one of his former cruise ships and he's steaming out of Cape Town, to mount a rescue mission. The ship, carrying six hundred passengers, is stranded in the Antarctic. The weather is terrifying and the boat is being lashed against the cliffs of Cape Alarm surrounded by deadly icebergs. Berg's heroics turn his life around and bring him back to power. But his climb back into the international shipping game does not sit well with the new chairman. Duncan is a formidable adversary and intends to ruin him once and for all.

This is a story that has it all – life and death adventure, suspense and romance. It begins with a thrilling tugboat rescue and the action is fierce. Smith is a great story teller and knows how to describe the treacherous weather and ice surrounding a rescue at sea. This is a thrilling tale of man against the sea. Those who love ships and ocean going adventure will be enthralled.

Publisher: St. Martin's Paperbacks (May 15, 1999)
ISBN: 978-0312971076
Mass Market Paperback: Pages 501
Price: $ 7.99

Source by Gail Pruszkowski

What Does Ski-in, Ski-out Mean

When you are booking a vacation rental property in a ski resort there is an indisputable magic to the phrase 'ski-in, ski-out'. It conjures up images of a loving restored log cabin on the edge of an immaculately groomed piste, of watching fellow skiers carve elegant turns from your living room window, with the occasional spray of snow against the window pane. It suggests stepping out of your front door, clicking on your skis and gliding down the slopes to the lift. You may anticipate avoiding the crush of people waiting for a lukewarm and soggy pizza in the mountain restaurant by using your own chalet as … a mountain restaurant. And, perhaps best of all, you may look forward to skiing back to your own front door at the end of the afternoon and forgetting about trudging along paths and the indignity of crowded shuttle buses.

The reality may be very different. Knowing the power of the term 'ski-in, ski-out', vacation rental providers are quick to use it to cover a myriad of different arrangements and a range of proximity to the slopes. Here are a few things to watch out for:

1) The 'ski-in ski-out' home that is really 'hiking distance' to the slopes. The economics of housing development on mountainsides mean that when an area is developed next to the slopes, only some of it is actually next to the slopes. There is almost certain to be a hinterland of properties that have access to the slopes … via pathways, steps, roadways etc. The pathways may be short, or they may not. Make sure you ask exactly how far a particular property is from the actual ski slope, and what the path is actually like: is it a level walkway or a series of dozens of icy steps?

2) The ski-in, ski-out home that is reached via an ungroomed trail through the woods. When these homes were originally built the developers cut a trail to them so that they could be sold as 'ski-in, ski-out'. However these trails are very often too narrow for a snow-cat to use; furthermore, they are very likely private property and the lift company which grooms the slopes may have no responsibility for them. Only if the owners of properties served by that trail get together and make private arrangements for grooming will you find the trail in good enough condition for safe usage.

3) The ski-in, ski-out home that offers good ski-in, ski-out access … if you've chosen one of the 2 weeks of the year when the snow is down to that level. Many resorts that offer ski accommodation are down in the valley, and global warming has led to a raising of the snow line and a decline in the number of weeks that snow is on the ground at given elevations.

4) Finally, there is the nirvana: a ski-in, ski-out home that is what it says it is: situated right on slopes which are snow-covered throughout the season and groomed by the lift company's snowcats daily. This is what is often now referred to as 'true ski-in, ski-out'. However, you may find that because this real estate is so scarce it is also very pricey, or alternatively it is developed with rather high-density and charmless accommodation. Aspens in The Whistler is a good example of this. The situation is perfect, right on the slopes, but the accommodation is mostly fairly spartan.

The lesson here is simple. When you are booking ski-in, ski-out accommodation, make sure that you know exactly what you are getting. If you are booking a resort such as Whistler, where there are many gradations of ski-in, ski-out accommodation, consult one of the local property management companies like Holiday Whistler, and question them very closely on its exact location before you book your ski accommodation whistler .

Source by Henry Schlee